Nora Gedgaudas

Fluoride: Why All the Controversy?

Fluoride: Why All the Controversy?

Is fluoride an essential nutrient for health? Is it even a nutrient? How and why did we ever adopt water fluoridation as a mandatory drinking water treatment in so many cities around the world? Well, to answer the first question, the answer is an unequivocal NO. There is literally nothing about fluoride in any form (including its naturally occurring form, calcium fluoride, found deep in the earth’s crust) that is considered “essential” –or even beneficial--for health in any independent scientific study or textbook of human physiology.

Is fluoride an essential nutrient for health? Is it even a nutrient? How and why did we ever adopt water fluoridation as a mandatory drinking water treatment in so many […]

The answer to question number two is similarly (and resoundingly) NO. Far from being a “nutrient” in any way, fluoride is widely recognized and well known in the realm of industrial chemistry to be a highly toxic and corrosive element—on par with other naturally occurring toxic elements such as arsenic, mercury, lead and cadmium (remember—just because it can be found out in nature doesn’t necessarily mean it’s healthy for you!). Interestingly, however, out of all these elements fluoride is actually present within the earth’s crust in the greatest quantity of all.[1] In nature, calcium fluoride is found deeply enough beneath the Earth’s surface that it hasn’t been particularly consequential for us until modern times due to the advent of aggressive industrial mining operations. And it is the addition of 76chemicals used in these mining operations (like sulfuric acid, for instance) that further potentiates fluoride’s severe toxicity—making it simultaneously both the number one problem-child of the Industrial Revolution and more recently (since the 1940’s) one of its greatest sources of unscrupulous profitability. –But we’ll get to that.

The three substances most commonly used in the artificial fluoridation of the public water supply are known as sodium fluoride (NaF), sodium fluorosilicate (Na2SiF6), and hydrofluosilicic acid (H2SiF6). These artificial fluorides are highly soluble in water and are recognized by industrial chemists as exceedingly toxic and severely corrosive substances—requiring Hasmat suits and sophisticated breathing apparatuses in order to even handle (while they’re dumping it into your drinking water).


Good question.

As early as 1909 the Pennsylvania General Assembly passed an actual law that prohibited the addition of any fluoride chemical to food. By even then fluoride was well known as an industrial pollutant that harmed plants, animals, and humans, even as they did not yet realize fluoride’s carcinogenicity or other associated toxic effects such as neurological damage, dental fluorosis or associated skeletal damage.

That this toxic waste ever entered into the realm of widespread mandated “medicine” and mandated government policy is beyond any pale of human comprehension.

Fluoridation may just be the earliest poster child for the corruption of science and medicine in the name of corporate profitability.   It’s a story that certainly represents the early evolution of the relationship between these institutions into cozy and twisted bedfellows, enjoying their “ménage à trois” with bought and/or bamboozled mainstream government officials.

In fact, it’s important to point out that this story has vast tendrils throughout many facets of modern economic interest–from fluoride’s modern incestuous relationship between industry, politics, and “science”-for-hire; to Big agribusiness, the multinational food industry, pharmaceutical interests, dietetic policy and the petroleum interests driving all of it through (ultimately) the global political subservience to the petrodollar.

The financial stakes are huge—but nowhere are the stakes greater than the impact upon the health of every man, woman and child almost invariably exposed to fluoride daily as a matter of course—including corruptly mandated government policy. Although this sordid tale clearly extends well beyond the realm of fluoridation, alone, we’ll stick to the subject at hand for now.

FACT: Listed literally as an unapproved drug (not a nutrient) by the US Food and Drug organization (FDA), there has never been a single randomized study (not one) proving fluoridation’s safety or effectiveness–ever.

Surprising, but true.

Not only that, but (and you may want to be sitting down for this), ingesting fluoride has never even proven effective for reducing dental caries![2],[3],[4],[5] Fluoride isn’t even approved by the FDA for the prevention of cavities! Both the CDC and the World Health Organization (WHO) have noted that there is no discernible difference in tooth decay between developed countries that fluoridate their water and those that do not.[6] In fact, the effect of fluoride in reducing dental caries is trivial to non-existent (See the following illustration from actual WHO data). One study[7] indicates that even a smaller dose of fluoride is able to produce effects more harmful than generally supposed. The safety margin is also nowhere as large as that which one is led to believe.

Fluoride is a known carcinogen[8],[9],[10] and an industrial poison additionally linked to lowered IQ[11], and other neurotoxicity/neurobehavioral effects[12], hypothyroidism, immune dysregulation, joint/skeletal abnormalities/pain and innumerable other adverse effects.

The fact is that the VAST majority of today’s world—including the modern Western world– does not drink fluoridated water, and never has.  In Weston A. Price’s renowned research and meticulous documentation (later published in his now acclaimed work, ‘Nutrition and Physical Degeneration’) he provided extensive evidence of utterly perfect dental health in innumerable primitive, indigenous and traditional societies throughout the world in the 1930s that had never even heard of nor been exposed to anything called “fluoride”. Price was then the president of what was once recognized as the National Dental Association and he vehemently opposed the implementation of fluoridation and Mercury amalgams in dentistry, due to their obvious toxicity and health risks. The National Dental Association was summarily replaced by what is now the American Dental Association, which unabashedly embraced its new, sketchy and profitable relationship with Industry…rending Price’s protestations tragically disregarded.

In the United States, health authorities call fluoridation “one of the top 10 public health achievements of the 20th century.” Few other countries share this view. In fact, more people drink artificially fluoridated water in the U.S. alone than in the rest of the world combined. In fact, fewer than 30 countries in the entire world today actually implement or mandate fluoridation. 97+% of Europe does NOT fluoridate its water supplies. In Europe, only Ireland (73%), Poland (1%), Serbia (3%), Spain (11%), and the U.K. (11%) fluoridate any of their water.  In fact, as of just last year there are only now SEVEN countries in the world that have more than 50% of their populations drinking fluoridated water:  the US, Australia, New Zealand, Ireland, Malaysia, Singapore and Columbia.

It used to be eight countries, but as of August 26th, 2014 Israel’s Health Minister, Yael German made the decision to totally ban the practice of fluoridation in Israel due to its harmful effects and blatant infringement of human rights. She said, “doctors have told me that fluoridation may harm pregnant women, people with thyroid problems and the elderly.”[13] Other countries, such as Austria, Belgium, Finland, Germany, Italy, India, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Norway, Sweden, the Netherlands, Hungary and Japan have all rejected and summarily banned the use of fluoride in drinking water.  I personally live in Portland, Oregon– the largest US metropolitan area that has (I am proud to say) consistently rejected fluoridation measures despite aggressive efforts by Industry-friendly groups to implement it. Portland rejected water fluoridation in 1956, 1962, and 1980 and most recently about two years ago. In every one of these countries and municipalities where fluoride has been passionately resisted, independent scientific and health experts have publicly asserted (with a substantial body of evidence backing them up) that fluoride is not only ineffective, but that it is literally toxic and absolutely does not belong in any human food or water supply. Published independent research showing the questionable—at best—effects of fluoride upon human health are beyond plentiful.  Hmmmm….geee—what does the European Union, Israel and all these other places know that United States and Australia doesn’t?  The information and peer-reviewed evidence, after all, is available for all to see…

Perhaps the difference lies mainly in who is being paid off and who isn’t.

In much of Europe fluoride is banned for two primary stated reasons:  1) The EU doesn’t feel it is ethically right to force such a thing upon people who don’t want it and 2) They see the health issues and questions surrounding this known toxic substance as anything but proven when it comes to the assertion that fluoride has some meaningful—much less essential role to play in human health.

In March of 2014 the following study was published in the prestigious medical journal, The Lancet Neurology exposing fluoride as a developmental neurotoxin, due to a link between chronic exposure and reduced IQ in children. This is merely one more study out of dozens of others demonstrating such a link.

Yet another report released in 2012 by the Harvard School for Public Health[14] stated the following:

“For years health experts have been unable to agree on whether fluoride in the drinking water may be toxic to the developing human brain. Extremely high levels of fluoride are known to cause neurotoxicity in adults, and negative impacts on memory and learning have been reported in rodent studies, but little is known about the substance’s impact on children’s neurodevelopment. In a meta-analysis, researchers from Harvard School of Public Health (HSPH) and China Medical University in Shenyang for the first time combined 27 studies and found strong indications that fluoride may adversely affect cognitive development in children. Based on the findings, the authors say that this risk should not be ignored, and that more research on fluoride’s impact on the developing brain is warranted.”

The Harvard meta-review of 27 studies was similarly published online in July of 2012, in Environmental Health Perspectives[15] (a publication of the United States National Institutes of Health’s National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences).


By the way, ever notice the “poison warning” label on fluoride-based toothpastes? That’s not a mis-print. Poison control centers receive over 10,000 fluoride toxicity reports per year surrounding toothpaste ingestion in children, alone (and for every report there are likely at least 5 or more other unreported cases). –Even in toothpaste, fluoride poses a health concern!

The fact is, what is actually labeled “fluoride” and dumped into human drinking water (or made into FDA unapproved pills given to small children, or slathered onto your or your children’s teeth in the dentist’s office) is anything but the otherwise naturally occurring substance found deep in the earth’s crust (which in and of itself is also potentially problematic, by the way, just slightly less so). –Far from being even a singular element, what is added to your municipal water supply labeled, as “fluoride” is actually comprised of literally hundreds of different industrial compounds and waste products, including innumerable cancer-causing substances, heavy metals, neurologically damaging substances and even radioactive nucleotides[16].  It is, in fact, little more than a clever and unethical means for the multi-billion dollar chemical, aluminum smelting, mining and fertilizer industries to get rid of their otherwise inconvenient toxic waste in a highly profitable manner. Industry now makes millions and millions of dollars selling this same dangerous toxic waste to us in big barrels—wholly unrefined–as our government sanctioned municipal water-fluoridating agent.

According to the study pictured above in the International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health, “Such contaminant content creates a regulatory blind spot that jeopardizes any safe use of fluoride additives.”

As of 2010, 73.9% of US cities/municipalities and about 67% of Australian municipalities have been routinely fluoridating their water supplies. The most common form of industrial fluoride used, hydro-fluosilicic acid has literally NO KNOWN BENEFIT in any human or physiologically-based biological system and has literally never even been tested for safety in humans. –Mostly sold to the West from China (the cheapest available source), the Chinese also market the exact same substance (hardly worth mentioning this) as an insecticide and an industrial adhesive.[17]

See YouTube link:

A toxic byproduct of the phosphate mining industry—heavily mined in Florida, the environmental dumping of this very same chemical resulted in outcries from the public in Florida when it generated mass fish kills, decimated citrus crops, crippling cattle and horses and cost the industry a fortune in cleaning up this toxic waste and paying fines.[18]  Now instead, today industry can simply sell this stuff to us as a supposed health-promoting agent.

Are we really THAT stupid?

Apparently. Maybe it’s the fluoride…

Also, in the amounts added to everything from our water supply, tooth-care products, processed foods, bottled water, etc. the toxic effects of fluoride from literally any source are cumulative over the course of anyone’s lifetime.  Exceedingly difficult to eliminate from the body, adding what is called “fluoride” to any human water supply for some alleged benefit is at best highly questionable.  It readily accumulates in calcium-rich tissues:  bone, ligaments, cartilage, joints and teeth. It also has an unusual affinity for the pineal gland in the human brain and causes pineal calcification over time—leading to a diminished endogenous production of important melatonin.[19],[20] Also, 41% of American teenagers have unsightly and permanent dental fluorosis (white and/or brown spotting of teeth due to fluoride toxicity)[21]. Dental fluorosis is NOT “simply cosmetic,” by the way—It is a clear sign of fluoride overexposure that has adverse implications for your bones, internal organs, thyroid and your brain, as well.

Today, in many cities the impetus toward fluoridation has little to do with an interest in promoting oral health, but rather an attempt by cities to avoid harassment and major fines from the corporate controlled government and their established laws (LAWS!) legally mandating fluoridation—at times even in total disregard of majority public opinion or concern.

Angry yet?


Today, what is called fluoride in many municipal water supplies may be toxic sodium fluoride (which moonlights as insecticide, rat poison, and a weapon of bioterrorism—Yep, fluoride is a key element in the production of chemical weapons such as sarin[22]) or instead a different compound derived from a hazardous waste product produced through the phosphate mining industry known as hydro-fluosilicic acid—a monumentally dangerous compound. Hydro-fluosilicic acid (along with all other forms of industrial “fluoride” added to our drinking water) does not appear naturally in nature but is a man-made substance that can all by itself eventually eat its way through glass, concrete, stainless steel, fiberglass, bricks, titanium, plastic and even lead pipes.  Originally mined in the US, mostly in Central Florida, Phosphate-rich rock today is also widely, if not predominantly mined in China and processed into its usable form by the addition of highly hazardous sulfuric acid (producing soluble phosphate) that is then used in monoculture agricultural applications as a noxious chemical fertilizer throughout the world.  Hydro-fluosilicic acid is the toxic by-product (waste product) of these massive mining/fertilizer operations. Our cities and governments, in turn, additionally purchase and import this “comparatively cheap and affordable” source of potentially lethal and unrefined hazardous waste from these operations in large drums that are dubiously labeled—with accompanying “toxic hazard” warnings as containing “fluoride”. The most abundant, widely used and cheap (attractive to municipal budgets) fluoride predominantly used throughout the world in water fluoridation mostly comes from China.  With love.

Ironically, China has itself banned the use of fluoride in its own populations.   —They mostly prefer to sell it to us.

The packaging comes delightfully decorated with a skull and crossbones, together with bold warning labels printed right on the label that then gets dumped (by guys wearing Hasmat suits and sophisticated breathing masks) right into your community’s and your child’s drinking water.  The largest privately owned corporation in the world and the single biggest producer of hydro-fluosilicic acid in the US is Cargill.  Today there are well over 250,000 TONS of this hazardous waste product dumped into human drinking water supplies each and every year in the name of unproven “better oral health.”


It turns out that what is called “fluoride” made its earliest debut in the mid- to last part of the 18th century during the (then) new industrial revolution as a toxic waste product generated through aluminum manufacturing (together with iron and copper factories). It poisoned plants, animals and people.[23] Its toxicity was recognized early on and it has been Industry’s “problem child” ever since (until they figured out how to profit from it, that is).   In fact, the fluoride gas emissions from these plants were responsible for countless “smog-related” deaths.

“Airborne fluorides,” reported the U.S. Department of Agriculture, “have caused more worldwide damage to domestic animals than any other air pollutant.”[24] As for vegetation, as early as 1901, studies “found that fluoride compounds are much more toxic than the other compounds that are of significance in the industrial smoke problem.”[25]

“Only recently, that is, within the last ten years, has the serious nature of fluoride toxicity been realized,” wrote Lloyd DeEds, senior toxicologist with the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) in 1933. “It is a well-established fact that chronic intoxication [poisoning] may manifest itself in man as recognized abnormalities only after constant, or at least frequent, exposure over many years…The possibility of fluoride hazard should…be recognized in industry…where this element is discharged into the air as an apparently worthless by-product.”[26]

The nation’s air is contaminated by fluoride emissions from the production of iron, steel, aluminum, copper, lead and zinc; phosphates (essential for the manufacture of all chemical agricultural fertilizers); plastics; gasoline; brick, cement, glass, ceramics, and the multitudinous other products made from clay; electrical power generation and all other coal combustion; and uranium processing.[27] As for water, the leading industrial fluoride polluters are the producers and processors of glass, pesticides and fertilizers, steel and aluminum, chemicals, and metals.[28] The metal processing industries include copper and brass, as well as titanium, superalloys, and refractory metals for military use.[29] The list of polluters extends across industry from basic to strategic. Industry and government have long had a powerful motive for claiming an increased dose of fluoride as being safe for the population. Maintaining this position has not been easy because, of industry’s largest pollutants, fluoride is by far the most toxic to vegetation, animals, and humans.[30] In fact, it’s one of the most toxic substances known.[31]

By 1930, the aluminum company, ALCOA (the Aluminum Company of America) was the biggest fluoride polluter in the US. In fact, fluoride was the aluminum industry’s most devastating pollutant.[32] Its highly toxic sodium fluoride waste product (which became a key ingredient in rat poison, by the way) had to be disposed of…But how?  After all, disposal of such a caustic and dangerous chemical was going to be both difficult and expensive….Unless…..

Well, necessity is (after all) the Mother of Invention. —Here’s where it pays to have low friends in high places…

At first, Industry could dispose of fluoride legally only in small amounts by selling it to insecticide and rat poison manufacturers.[33] Unfortunately, that wasn’t putting enough of a dent in their growing fluoride waste stockpile.

It turns out that during this same time period the US Department of Health Services was under the jurisdiction of the US Treasury Secretary; who was a man by the name of Andrew W. Mellon.  Mellon, rather serendipitously, also happened to be a founder and a major stockholder of ALCOA—the Aluminum Company of America and the nation’s biggest fluoride waste producer. Mellon, rather conveniently, was additionally (and conveniently) the founder of “The Mellon Institute of Industrial Research”—literally an industry- funded research institute that was notorious for giving corporate industry the “scientific data” that it needed in order to defend itself under various circumstances, particularly those associated with public health and environmental concerns. These are also the same guys that attempted to defend asbestos as being delightfully safe for us all. It was, in fact, The Mellon Institute that provided dubious key “evidence” and a rationale for the use of sodium fluoride waste as a supposedly “preventative agent” in tooth decay.  Evil genius.

A physician by the name of Dr. Gerald Cox, who also worked at the Mellon Institute was the father of the impetus behind profitably disposing of this industrial waste in—you guess it—human municipal water systems as a mass public “tooth decay preventative agent”. I mean, let’s face it– why get fined for dumping toxic waste when you can actually get paid instead for supplying a purportedly beneficial health-promoting substance?  It was Cox that published the very first proposal to get rid of fluoride industrial waste by dumping it into municipal drinking water reservoirs.

On January 25th, 1945, following widespread (albeit futile) public debate, the first mass-scale human experiments conducted by adding fluoride waste to a municipal water supply occurred in Grand Rapids, MI.


There are today literally major and highly credentialed coalitions (4,693 strong as of March 2015) of scientists, health professionals including doctors, nurses, dentists and thousands of others–all passionately committed to banning the use of fluoride in municipal water supplies and elsewhere due to the overwhelming lack of evidence of its safety and efficacy and the very real concerns about its blatant toxicity.[34] Mainstream authorities both aggressively ridicule and harass this group of professionals (and others) for their efforts—and in Australia rational debate concerning this issue (and others) are treated with total intolerance and totalitarian resolve to eliminate any possibility of choice in the matter. It is unconscionable.

There have been at least 14 Nobel Prize laureates and innumerable respected scientists around the world that have been outspoken in their opposition to fluoridation, including top medical dental experts.[35]

In 1973, as a special consultant to the health minister of British Columbia, Canadian physician Richard G. Foulkes had authored a report recommending mandatory fluoridation for the province. But, after reviewing the evidence, he concluded that “fluoridation of community water supplies can no longer be held to be safe or effective in the reduction of tooth decay…Even in 1973, we should have known this was a dangerous chemical.”[36] He added that, “there is, also, a not-too-subtle relationship between the objective [the promotion of fluoridation] and the needs of major industries…”[37]

“I was conned,” Foulkes said, “by a powerful lobby.”[38]

John Colquhoun, DDS, Principal Dental Officer for Auckland, New Zealand and chair of that country’s Fluoridation Promotion Committee, reviewed New Zealand’s dental statistics in an effort to convince skeptics that fluoridation was beneficial and found that tooth decay rates were the same in fluoridated and nonfluoridated places, which prompted him to re-examine the classic fluoridation studies. He withdrew his support for it in “Why I Changed my Mind About Water Fluoridation”[39] (Perspectives In Biology and Medicine 1997;41:29—44). And Dr. Hardy Limeback PhD, DDS – one of the 12 scientists who served on the 2006 National Academy of Sciences review of fluoride[40], and Head of Preventive Dentistry at University of Toronto – wrote “Why I am Now Officially Opposed to Adding Fluoride to Drinking Water”[41]


The other dirty fact of the matter is that fluoride–not even regulated by the FDA, the CDC or the EPA–is also not even remotely biodegradable.   Once deposited in the human body or into the environment it progressively accumulates.   In the environment this involves the eventual contamination of the entire food chain. In people’s bodies the accumulation accrues in bones, teeth… and most disturbingly, brain tissue.

COMMON Signs/Symptoms/Effects of fluoride poisoning/toxicity include:

Dental fluorosis[42],[43]

Joint pain/stiffness; arthritis[44]

Spondylosis/spondylitis of the spine[45]

Bone pain/brittle bones/skeletal fluorosis[46]


Thyroid problems[48]

Adverse immune function[49]

Pineal calcification[50]

Neurotoxic effects/Lowers IQ[51]


Genetic damage[53]

Hardening of the arteries[54]

In the aforementioned 2012 study in the journal Nuclear Medicine Communications regarding arterial calcification (hardening of the arteries in relation to fluoride) the authors stated:

“Fluoride uptake in vascular walls was demonstrated in 361 sites of 54 (96 percent) patients, whereas calcification was observed in 317 sites of 49 (88 percent) patients.

Significant correlation between fluoride uptake and calcification was observed in most of the arterial walls, except in those of the abdominal aorta.

Fluoride uptake in coronary arteries was demonstrated in 28 (46 percent) patients and coronary calcifications were observed in 34 (56 percent) patients.”

YIKES! And YOU thought cholesterol was the problem…

According to one nearly 500-page long scientific review, fluoride is an endocrine disruptor that can adversely affect your bones, brain, thyroid gland, pineal gland, and even your blood sugar levels.[55]

A 2005 CDC report showed that African-Americans and Mexican Americans suffered a higher rate of dental fluorosis than white children due to a genetic predisposition and enhances the uptake of toxic heavy metals.


With respect to any drug (let’s for a moment just “pretend” fluoride is a drug), it is rational to assert that everyone’s dose is going to be different. Water fluoridation, however, is the dispensing of a drug in a one-size fits all fashion.  You can’t control the dose, because different people of different sizes are drinking different amounts of water and different amounts relative to their size, activity level and body weight.  Babies, for instance, drink roughly their weight in water every 2-3 days (if we did that as adults we’d be drinking closer to 22 liters a day) and are by far the most at risk of the toxic effects of fluoride. Infant mortality has also found to be greater in fluoridated areas, particularly where fluorosis is most common.[56] Water utilities administer this drug without a prescription, at the behest of the government, without any idea of who will get what dose and for how long, and without monitoring for side effects.

Is this responsible government healthcare policy?

You can’t control who gets fluoride in the water and who doesn’t get it—because essentially everyone is getting it.  If you went into a pharmacy and asked the druggist if there was any one medication they would give to absolutely everyone the obvious answer would be no— and yet “fluoride” is being administered to everyone, regardless.

It is reasonable to also point out that drinking water is far from the only day-to-day source of dietary fluoride.  It is additionally found in hundreds of products in our food supply.[57] It’s readily found in most bottled waters, including added fluoride in commercial baby water (i.e., added fluoride to water that already has fluoride in it), sodas, sports drinks (Gatorade), juices, beer, black and green teas, etc.

Also, many pesticides used upon the non-organic foods we eat have a chemical base of fluoride.

Fluoride is an extremely common substance also added to pharmaceutical drugs, including most psychiatric medications (often those which that have side effects that include agitated depression and suicidality). Fen Fen—the diet drug that damaged hearts was a fluoride-based diet drug.  Prozac is fluoxetine (fluoride-based), as are other SSRI’s.  –Fluoride is purportedly used as a carrier and accelerator of the drug’s effects.


It also appears elsewhere in dentistry as a common ingredient added to other dental procedures (fillings, cements, coatings on teeth, etc.).


Fluoride’s impact on the brain is neither trivial nor benign.

Fluoride is categorically a neurotoxin.   The EPA listed fluoride among 109 other chemicals known to have adverse neurological effects.  It has distinct and documented adverse effects on memory and, to date, 43 studies show clear adverse effects of fluoride upon IQ[58].

The summer of 2012 saw the publication of a systematic review and meta-analysis by researchers at Harvard University that explored the link between exposure to fluoride and neurological and cognitive function among children. The report pooled data from over 27 studies carried out over the course of 22 years. The results, which were published in the journal Environmental Health Sciences showed a strong connection between exposure to fluoride in drinking water and decreased IQ scores in children. The team concluded that “the results suggest that fluoride may be a developmental neurotoxicant that affects brain development at exposures much below those that can cause toxicity in adults.”[59]

An ever-growing number of institutions, municipalities, scientists and individuals are questioning the wisdom of fluoridation. At the fore of the movement are thousands of scientific authorities and health care professionals who are speaking out about the hazards of this damaging additive. As of November 2013, a group of over 4549 professionals including 361 dentists and 562 medical doctors have added their names to a petition aimed at ending fluoridation started by the Fluoride Action Network.  Among the prominent signatories are Nobel Laureate Arvid Carlsson and William Marcus, PhD who served as the chief toxicologist of the EPA Water Division.[60]

Just this last year in 2014 following study in The Scientific World Journal regarding the health effects of fluoride was published. In it the authors stated:

“This paper reviews the human health effects of fluoride. The authors conclude that available evidence suggests that fluoride has a potential to cause major adverse human health problems, while having only a modest dental caries prevention effect. As part of efforts to reduce hazardous fluoride ingestion, the practice of artificial water fluoridation should be reconsidered globally, while industrial safety measures need to be tightened in order to reduce unethical discharge of fluoride compounds into the environment. Public health approaches for global dental caries reduction that do not involve systemic ingestion of fluoride are urgently needed.”[61]

A report in the 2006 National Academy of Sciences[62] reviewed the scientific studies that have been performed on fluoride, and concluded:

It is apparent that fluorides have the ability to interfere with the functions of the brain and the body by direct and indirect means.”[63]

The National Academy of Sciences report also went on to say: As with other calcifying tissues, the pineal gland can accumulate fluoride (Luke 1997, 2001). Fluoride has been shown to be present in the pineal glands of older people (14-875 mg of fluoride per kg of gland in persons aged 72-100 years), with the fluoride concentrations being positively related to the calcium concentrations in the pineal gland, but not to the bone fluoride, suggesting that pineal fluoride is not necessarily a function of cumulative fluoride exposure of the individual (Luke 1997, 2001). Fluoride has not been measured in the pineal glands of children or young adults, nor has there been any investigation of the relationship between pineal fluoride concentrations and either recent or cumulative fluoride intakes.”

The researcher to which this report refers, Jennifer Luke actually argues that fluoride accumulates in the brain (specifically, in the structure of the pineal gland) even more than it accumulates in our bones! (Luke J, 2001).

IN SUMMARY (i.e., before this article becomes a book)

In preparing this article I found the sheer magnitude of information, research and evidence as to the overwhelming toxicity and danger associated with the use of fluoride to be utterly overwhelming.   Many, many books have been written, documentaries filmed and scientific, together with public testimony published on this subject.

For 50 more reasons to avoid fluoridation see the following:

The following supplies an exhaustive compendium of independent (i.e., non-industry funded) research:


Other than first avoiding your own exposure to fluoride and that of your family through adding quality water filtration systems that specifically remove fluoride, it is clearly also important to be vocal and involved in this important issue. Being aware of official policies where you live, educating and arming yourself in this battle with solid research and documentation all matter. No one can afford to be silent when it comes to something so important, affecting so many. Clearly, “bought” mainstream health and government authorities will never willingly surrender to any, much less all of the sound evidence and science presented here or anywhere. –Needed change will never, ever come from the “top-down”. This change (like so many that are needed) can only arise from a grass-roots level.   The average citizen is absolutely on their own when it comes to the battle for real health—which is easily the single most important battle being fought on any societal battlefield today. Without our health, literally nothing else matters. Networking with friends and neighbors and getting involved is essential in building political momentum toward needed changes in any unjust health-related policy.

The hazards of fluoride are blatantly obvious (for anyone whose brain hasn’t been pickled by fluoride or greed, with eyes to see) and far exceed any perceived benefits. At the very least, there is sufficient independent research evidence of fluoride’s harmful effects to expose the utter insanity of government fluoridation mandates that endeavor to force this substance upon us all.


Unfortunately, managing the cumulative consequences of fluoride from years and decades of exposure is far less straightforward.   For many, it is sadly and tragically already too late. For others the origins of their suffering and health-related symptoms are far from clear.

Fortunately, there are certain natural steps that can be explored to at least begin to address toxic fluoride accumulation in your body. Commonly recommended approaches include:

  1. Avoid all fluoridated tap water (purchase effective fluoride filtration for your home) and avoid processed food sources of fluoride[64] along with most commercial bottled beverages as much as humanly possible. I mean, DUH
  2. Make a point of including foods, supplements and herbs known to reduce the toxic effects and burden of fluoride accumulation
    • Vitamin C[65]
    • Vitamin K2
    • Magnesium
    • Iodine-rich foods
    • Boron (NOT “Borax” detergent…please!
    • Selenium/vitamin E complex
    • Glutathione precursors (NAC, sulfur-containing foods)
    • Cilantro and/or cilantro herbal extract
    • Broken cell-wall Chlorella (from clean, uncontaminated sources)
    • Tamarind
    • Ginkgo
    • Turmeric
  3. Infra-red saunas may be additionally helpful as a detoxification tool


A number of things have been shown to increase your risk for dental caries, including[66]:

  • Tooth location and surface. Caries are most commonly found on incisors, canines, premolars, and fissure sites in molars.
  • Foods that cling to the teeth, such as candy or chocolate.
  • Frequent snacking and sipping on sugary drinks.
  • Bedtime infant feeding.
  • Inadequate brushing of teeth.
  • Dry mouth.
  • Heartburn

But critical fat-soluble nutrients are also essential for optimal dental and skeletal health and can go a long way toward bullet-proofing your resilience to dental caries and other bone-related problems.

Vitamin D (rich in animal fats, particularly lard), has shown tremendous promise in the prevention and treatment of dental caries.[67],[68],[69],[70],[71],[72],[73],[74]

Two proposed mechanisms causing this beneficial effect include:

  • Vitamin D beneficially affects calcium metabolism, and
  • Vitamin D, which is produced in your body in response to sunlight exposure, induces cathelicidin, an antimicrobial peptide, which attacks oral bacteria linked to dental caries

Also, according to the Vitamin D Council:

“Use of vitamin D appears to be a better option for reducing dental caries than fluoridation of community water supplies, as there are many additional health benefits of vitamin D and a number of adverse effects of water fluoridation such as fluorosis (mottling) of teeth and bones. … Serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D concentrations around 30-40 ng/ml (75-100 nmol/L) should significantly reduce the formation of dental caries. (The average white American has a level near 25 ng/ml, while the average black American has a level near 16 ng/ml.)”[75]

Research suggests that if you choose to continue to drink fluoridated water, this may also even significantly increase your dietary requirements for Vitamin D and calcium.[76] One study stated that, “Fluoride alone leads to accumulation of unmineralised bone, producing the histological picture of osteomalacia. The addition of calcium or vitamin D, or both, is believed to prevent this complication. We report a case where osteomalacia developed during sodium fluroide treatment despite large doses of vitamin D…”[77]

Vitamin K2 (much more absorbable from food than vitamin K1 in green vegetables[78],[79]), another hugely important fat-soluble nutrient (rich in organ meats, egg yolks, fish eggs, fermented foods, grass-fed meat and pastured chicken) is another key player in helping to keep things mineralized (calcified) that should be and helping de-mineralize (de-calcify) things that shouldn’t. If (and only if) a person has been cleared through accurate (Cyex Labs) testing of any immune reactivity to dairy products, then grass-fed butter, grass-fed ghee and pastured raw cheeses can be another rich source of this important fat-soluble nutrient. In animal source foods the form of K2 present is referred to as MK-4. Natto, a slimy, stringy and smelly fermented soy product is also quite rich in another particular form of vitamin K2 referred to as MK-7. I’d personally opt for the MK-7 supplements over eating the natto, but that’s just me. But either way, make sure it is organically sourced and non-GMO.

Vitamin K2 operates like a catalyst for vitamins’ A and D and traditional and indigenous diets have always provided rich amounts of these fat-soluble superstars—up to 10-times what is typical in today’s Western diet. Vitamin K2 also naturally helps prevent against any potential for vitamin D toxicity.

Vitamin K2 shows up prominently in your salivary glands, where it is believed to play a significant role in supporting dental health.[80],[81],[82],[83]

A vitamin K2-dependent protein called osteocalcin is produced through signaling of odontoblasts (immature dental cells) by vitamins A (retinol) and D3.[84],[85] It is directly involved in organizing the deposition of calcium and phosphorus salts in bone and seems to play a critical role in the formation of new dentin.

When it comes to bacterial-induced tooth decay, vitamin A becomes important as “the anti-infective” vitamin.[86],[87] In fact, for every receptor for vitamin D on every cell there are two for vitamin A (I talk about this more in Primal Body, Primal Mind). The fact is that all the fat soluble nutrients—and particularly preformed vitamin A (retinol—found only in animal source foods), D3 and K2—must operate in a relative balance together in the human body in order for their most important benefits to be realized.   Fortunately, these nutrients commonly appear together in fully pastured animal source foods, including their naturally occurring fat and organ meats.


Although it isn’t hard to find fluoride-free toothpastes in health food stores in most cities (or online), be wary of nasty additives and/or paying too much. Always read labels! You could also make your own fluoride-free toothpaste at home if you want from some easily found and inexpensive ingredients:

DIY Mint Toothpaste

2 tablespoons organic coconut oil (warmed to liquefy)
2 tablespoons aluminum-free baking soda
2 tablespoons green stevia powder (or just a few drops of Stevita brand liquid)
1 teaspoon finely ground Himalayan or Celtic sea salt (optional)
35-40 drops organic peppermint and/or spearmint essential oil
10 ionic trace mineral drops (Trace Minerals Research brand is one good source)

  1. In a small bowl, thoroughly combine the coconut oil, baking soda, stevia, mineral powder, and sea salt. Then add the liquids: essential oil and mineral drops.  Combine well again.
  2. Pour or scoop into a small jar and carp tightly.  If your house is warm, you can store in the refrigerator so the ingredients don’t separate.  If your house is cool, simply keep it in the bathroom.  Outdoor stores often carry refillable tubes that are sold for backpacking/travel, which could be used for this if you like to dispense your toothpaste this way.

Some companies also sell tooth powders—typically baking soda- based and then flavored with mint, etc., which do work extremely well.

So go ahead and smile—better dental and overall health awaits you once you ditch the fluoride once and for all.


[1] Kaj Roholm, Fluorine Intoxication (London: H.K. Lewis & Co., 1937), p. 46.

[2] Diesendorf M. Tooth Decay not related to fluoride intake from water Nature Vol. 322 10 July 1986

[3] Colquhoun J. Tooth Decay related to economics of family American Laboratory 17:98-109 1985

[4] Colquhoun J. Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology 13:37-41 1985

[5] Ziegelbecker D. Fluoride 14; 123-128 1981


[7] Harris, M. Fluoridation: Statistical Evaluation of Data. The Probe, September 1976, Vol. 18, No. 3, p.85.

[8] Maurer, et. al., Fluoride an equivocal carcinogen J. National Cancer Institute 82, 1118-26, 1990

[9] Yiamouyiannis, J.A. and Dean Burk, “Fluoridation and Cancer: Age Dependence of Cancer Mortality Related to Artificial Fluoridation,” Fluoride, Vol. 10 #3 (102-123) 1977

[10] Cohn, Perry D. Ph.D. An Epidemiological Report on Drinking Water Fluoridation and Osteosarcoma in Young Males New Jersey Department of Health, Environmental Health Service, Trenton NJ November 8, 1992





[15] Anna L. Choi, Guifan Sun, Ying Zhang, Philippe Grandjean. “Developmental Fluoride Neurotoxicity: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.” Environ Health Perspect. 2012 October; 120(10): 1362–1368. Published online 2012 July 20. doi: 10.1289/ehp.1104912

[16] Engineering and Cost Effectiveness Study of Fluoride Emissions Control, U.S. EPA report, Volume I, Number SN 16893.000, January 1972, p.I-3, et seq.



[19] Luke JA. “ Fluoride Deposition in the Aged Human Pineal Gland.” Caries Res 2991;35:125-128


[21] NCHS Data Brief, Number 53, November 2010


[23] Janet Raloff, “The St. Regis Syndrome,” Science News, July 19, 1980, pp. 42-43. The account was verified by F. Henry Lickers, director, environmental division, Mohawk Council of Akwesasne, Cornwall, Ontario, Canada. For primary data on cattle damage at Akwesasne, see Krook, L. and Maylin, G.A., “Industrial Fluoride Pollution,” The Cornell Veterinarian, Vol. 69, Supplement 8, April 1979.

[24] Air Pollutants Affecting the Performance of Domestic Animals, U.S. Department of Agriculture Handbook No. 380, August 1970, p. 41.

[25] Kaj Roholm, Fluorine Intoxication (London: H.K. Lewis & Co., 1937), pp. 64-65.

[26] Lloyd DeEds, “Chronic Fluorine Intoxication,” Medicine, Vol. 12, 1933, pp. 1-60

[27] Engineering and Cost Effectiveness Study of Fluoride Emissions Control, U.S. EPA report, Volume I, Number SN 16893.000, January 1972, p.I-3, et seq.

[28] Final Draft for the Drinking Water Criteria Document on Fluoride, EPA Report Number PB85-199321, April 1985, p. II-5.

[29] “Treatment and Recovery of Fluoride Industrial Wastes,” EPA Report Number PB-234 447, March 1974, P. 5.

[30] E. Jerard and J.B. Patrick, “The Summing of Fluoride Exposures,” International Journal of Environmental Studies, Volume 3, 1973, P. 143.

[31] G.J. Cox, “New Knowledge of Fluorine in Relation to Dental Caries,” Journal of American Water Works Association, Volume 31: 1926-30, 1939; see also standard toxicology manuals. The terms “fluorine” and “fluoride” were used interchangeably in early literature.

[32] R. Berk, et al., Aluminum: Profile of the Industry (New York: McGraw-Hill, 1985), p. 5.

[33] McNeil, The Fight for Fluoridation, 1957, p. 37.



[36] Mark Lowey, “Doctor Warns Fluoride Risky,” Calgary Herald, January 25, 1992.

[37] Richard G. Foulkes, Letter to Thomas Perry, Minister of Advanced Education, Victoria, British Columbia, March 3, 1992.

[38] Tom Hawthorn, “MD Who Pushed Fluoridation Now Opposes Idea,” The Province (Vancouver), January 26, 1992.










[48] Susheela AK, Bhatnagar M, Vig K, Mondal NK. “Excess fluoride ingestion and thyroid hormone derangements in children living in Delhi, India.” Fluoride. 2005, 38(2):98-108.






[54] Li Y, Berenji GR, Shaba WF, et al.  “Association of vascular fluoride uptake with vascular calcification and coronary artery disease.”   Nucl Med Commun.  2012 Jan;33(1):14-20. doi: 10.1097/MNM.0b013e32834c187e.





[59] Brooks, Megan. “Fluoride May Be Neurotoxic in Kids.” N.p., 23 Aug. 2012. Web. 11 Sept. 2012.

[60] “Statement on Water Fluoridation.” NIDCR Home. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Nov. 2011.



[63] bottom of page 222

[65] Jetti R, Raghuveer CV, Mallikarjuna RC, Somayaji SN, Prakash BB. “Neuroprotective effect of ascorbic acid and ginkgo biloba against fluoride caused neurotoxicity.” IOSR Journal of Environmental Science, Toxicology and Food Technology. 8(1):30-36

[66] “Cavities/tooth Decay.” Risk Factors. Mayo Clinic, 22 Sept. 2014. Web. 22 Sept. 2014. <>.

[67] Youssef, D., C. Miller, A. El-Abbassi, D. Cutchins, C. Cutchins, W. Grant, and A. Peiris. “Antimicrobial Implications of Vitamin D.” Dermatoendocrinology 3.4 (2011): 220-29.

[68] McBeath, E., and T. Zucker. “The Role of Vitamin D in the Control of Dental Caries in Children.” Journal of Nutrition 15.6 (2937): 547-64.

[69] Grant, W.B. “A Review of the Role of Solar Ultraviolet-B Irradiance and Vitamin D in Reducing Risk of Dental Caries”. Dermatoendocrinology 3.3 (2011): 193-98.

[70] Schroth, R., N. Jean, E. Kliewer, and E. Sellers. “The Relationship between Vitamin D and Severe Early Childhood Caries: A Pilot Study.” International Journal for Vitamin and Nutrition Research 82.1 (2012): 53-62.

[71] Schroth, R. et al. “Vitamin D Status of Children with Severe Early Childhood Caries: A Case–control Study.” BMC Pediatrics 13 (2013): 174.

[72] Schroth, R. et al. “Prenatal Vitamin D and Dental Caries in Infants.” Pediatrics 133.5 (2014): 1277-284.

[73] Cockburn, F. et al. “Maternal vitamin D intake and mineral metabolism in mothers and their newborn infants.” British Medical Journal 281.6332 (1980): 11-14.

[74] Hujoel, P. “Vitamin D and dental caries in controlled clinical trials: systematic review and meta-analysis.” Nutrition Reviews 71.2 (2013): 88-97.

[75]Vitamin D Council, September 27, 2011

[76] Kragstrup J, et al. (1984). Experimental osteo-fluorosis in the domestic pig: a histomorphometric study of vertebral trabecular bone. Journal of Dental Research 63: 885-889.

[77] Compston JE, et al. (1980). Osteomalacia developing during treatment of osteoporosis with sodium fluoride and vitamin D. British Medical Journal 281: 910-1.

[78] Schurgers LJ, Vermeer C. Determination of Phylloquinone and Menaquinones in Food. Haemostasis. 2000; 30: 298-307.

[79] Schurgers LJ, Teunissen KJF, Hamulyak K, Knapen MHJ, Hogne V, Vermeer C. Vitamin K-containing dietary supplements: comparison of synthetic vitamin K1 and natto-derived menaquinone-7. Blood. 2006; [Epub ahead of print].

[80] Glavind J, Granados H, Hansen A, Schilling K, Kruse I, Dam H. The Presence of Vitamins in the Saliva. Internat Z Vit Forschung. 1948; 20: 234-237.

[81] Zacharski LR, Rosenstein R. Reduction of Salivary Tissue Factor (Thromboplastin) Activity by Warfarin Therapy. Blood. 1979; 53(3): 366-374.

[82] Thijssen HHW, Drittij-Reijnders MJ. Vitamin K distribution in rat tissues: dietary phylloquinone is a source of tissue menquinone-4. Br J Nutr. 1994; 72: 415-425.

[83] Calandra JC, Fancher OE, Fosdick LS. The effect of synthetic vitamin K and related compounds on the rate of acid formation in saliva. J Dent Res. 1945; 24: 31-37.

[84] Shiba H, Uchida Y, Kamihagi K, Sakata M, Fujita T, Nakamura S, Takemoto T, Kato Y, Kurihara H. Transforming Growth Factor-ß1 and Basic Fibroblast Growth Factor Modulate Osteocalcin and Osteonectin/SPARC Syntheses in Vitamin-D-activated pulp cells. J Dent Res. 2001; 80(7): 1653-1659.

[85] Thaweboon S, Thaweboon B, Choonharuangdej S, Chunhabundit P, Suppakpatana P. Induction of type I collagen and osteocalcin in human dental pulp cells by retinoic acid. Southeast Asian J Trop Med Public Health. 2005; 36(4): 1066-9.

[86] Green HN, Mellanby E. Vitamin A as an Anti-Infective Agent. BMJ. 1928;2:691-6.

[87] Semba RD. Vitamin A as “anti-infective” therapy, 1920-1940. J Nutr. 1999;129(4):783-91.

By Nora Gedgaudas

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